In the National Park Service, there are a lot of acronyms and buzz words used to describe entities and procedures. I compiled a list of lingo that are thrown around the office and in the field:
Arrowhead: The National Park Service emblem
Bioswail: area of plants and soil to capture sediment before they reach the water source
Blowdown: a tree or trees that have been blown down by the wind or other factors.
“It is best to avoid blowdown while walking through the forest.”
Cut stump: Using loppers to cut woody stems and apply a herbicide to stunt growth
Dbh: stands for diameter at breast height, is a measuring tape.
Epp: a sound made by a crewmember to locate other members or call for assistance in the forest
1 epp= hey! 2epps= come over here 3epps= emergency or cool mushroom
GAR: Operational risk management assessment procedure that ranks 8 categories green, amber, or red to determine mitigation
Garlon: Herbicide used for cut stump treatments
GIS: geographic information systems capture, store, manipulate, and analyze spatial data
GPS: global positioning system
HAGA: a rangefinder used to measure the height of trees and forest canopy.
Hori-hori: Japanese soil knife that is very sharp and useful for removing blackberry shrubs
Nurse log: a fallen tree that decays and provides nutrients to support other trees
Organic Act of 1916: the federal that established the National Park Service
“…to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.”
PIV: Personal identity verification card for US Federal employees that takes a long process to obtain
PNW: Pacific Northwest
PPE: Personal protective equipment such as goggles or gloves
Snag: dead tree that has fallen or at a 40 degree angle
SPE: severity, probability, and exposure for assessing risk of injury
Surfactant: a chemical solution mixed with herbicide to stick to the plant it is applied to
Transect: a line in which people walk along that is representative of the larger site usually for invasive work or vegetation monitoring
Tree hugging: literally hugging trees or measuring a tree using a dbh measuring tape (see dbh)
VC: Visitor Center
VIP: Volunteer-in-Parks program for people to get involved in the national parks
WASO: Washington Support Office is the NPS national headquarters which provide services to the regional offices and coordinate with other agencies
YCC: Youth Conservation Corps is a summer youth program
The past few weeks I have been entering data, checking field logs for quality assurance, and searching for shapefiles. As much as I love data, it was a long tedious process that I celebrated when it was completed. On Tuesday, I got to change up my office environment to the East fork of the Lewis River. My supervisor, Carla, and I joined other scientists and professionals at a Science Work Group Trip organized by the Lower Columbia Estuary Partnership. We started to canoe at La Center, Washington and continued along the river to a couple of restoration sites to learn about the progress of other projects and network.
The first stop was a brief tour of the La Center restoration site. The site was lush with native plantings and had been under water for a majority of the winter and spring. The willow trees were looking healthy and the reed canary grass growth had been stunted for the long duration of inundation. This site was particularly intriguing because it looked similar to the restoration site I have been analyzing data for. We learned about their management techniques and returned to paddle downriver. The second project was at Plas Newydd farm and Wapato Valley Mitigation Bank, an 876-acre restoration. The plan was impressive; recreating channels for salmonids, reestablishing habitats for Streaked Horned Lark, promoting growth of Oregon White Oak, and securing turtle nesting areas. After the presentation we enjoyed lunch underneath massive sequoia trees. The day on the river was the perfect escape from the confines of my desk, but more importantly, I got to talk to scientists who are dedicated to the work they do inspiring me to continue my career in natural resource management. When you love what you do, it is not work anymore. It is joy.
My focus project here at Manassas National Battlefield park is assisting with and creating a management plan for the Northern Bobwhite Quail. We started our Quail habitat vegetation surveys this week and I am very excited to collect more information and data to create a management plan! We also went to a training on trapping this week and did some planting but I want to share all the exciting things I learned about Quail habitat first!
Our habitat surveys are done mid-July to early August in order to ensure the warm season grasses are mature and mowing has not occurred yet. Mowing in grassland habitat is limited in the park and must be done mid-August or after in order to ensure Quail nests are not destroyed. We have 19 survey sites around the park and we need to go to each and obtain data in the North, South, East, and West directions. When we are obtaining data we use a tape measure and walk 20 meters out from our starting point. Then at 2 meter intervals we use a densiometer and record what we see such as grasses, forbs, bare ground, etc. A fun fact is that our densiometer is just an empty toilet roll holder to narrow your sight to a specific circle! We have been working on our grass and plant identification skills and have been using field guides that we created and books to help us out. You can see how we perform the surveys, record the data, and all the supplies we take out with us in the pictures below. It has been really fun getting started on the surveys and I’m hoping my identification skills keep improving as we get through all 19 sites.
The Department of the Interior also held a training called Trapping Matters at Monocacy National Battlefield Park which we all attended. I have assisted with trapping of mammals in the past but I only learned about two different types of traps so this was really interesting to learn how to trap other types of animals with different methods. Trapping can be used for a variety of reasons including scientific research, nuisance control, recreation, and wildlife management to conserve another species. We saw different types of traps including cage, foot holds, snares, and more. I did not know how much there was behind trapping as it is very strategic and labor intensive. The strategy behind trapping is so important to being able to trap an animal because you have to estimate the path the animals are taking along with the right attractant in order to be successful. It is very labor intensive as the best site to trap at may be hard to get to and besides setting the trap you have to come back every single day to check the trap. I did not know how difficult trapping was and how hard it is to estimate the patterns of various species.
Overall, I learned a lot this week and I really enjoy having the opportunity to participate in these training’s because there is so much to learn about natural resource management. Looking forward to learning more about Quail habitat management next week!