Monocacy National Battlefield: Commemoration and Preservation of the Landscape

Monocacy National Battlefield: Commemoration and Preservation of the Landscape

Greetings from Frederick, Maryland

Featured photo: Location of L’ Hermitage slave quarters at Best Farm.

Although a scientist at heart, I was really impressed by the thorough history tour by one of our interpretation rangers here at Monocacy National Battlefield. The west coast does not have National Battlefields nor have I ever been to one. Therefore, it was a surprise to me that the Department of the Interior preserves landscapes and structures in their historic condition to commemorate these battles. I wanted to learn more about this preservation process and it is one of the many reasons why I decided to move to Maryland this summer.

Clockwise from top left: Interpretation sign of where the troops were during the battle, Best Farm main house, Visitor’s Center, cannon, Thomas Farm additional housing quarters

The July 9, 1864 battle of Monocacy is known as the battle that saved Washington DC. The Union army stalled Confederate troops long enough for Union reinforcements to reach the capital before going under attack. Although the Union lost the battle of Monocacy, delaying the Confederate soldiers led to the third unsuccessful attempt of Confederate forces to invade the North and take the capital.

Although the landscape was preserved because of the battle, during the tour it was interesting to hear additional information about people who lived in this area who were not directly involved in the war. Predating the battle, Native Americans occupied the Monocacy River valley and there are prehistoric sites recorded within the park. There was one of the largest populations of people enslaved in Maryland at the Best Farm (featured photo). There were families that hid in their houses, as the battle took place outside and some of these structures are still standing today. One of these buildings was home to migrant farmworkers who contributed to Frederick’s agricultural history after the war. Overall, I am able to contextualize my scientific project within this rich history and I understand why the park service chose to preserve this landscape.

-Aubrie Heckel, Hydrology Assistant

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